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Original article

An audit of lymph node retrieval and histopathology reporting of pancreaticoduodenctomy specimens undertaken at a tertiary care referral center

Authors:

L. B. D. J. Siriwikum,

University of Kelaniya, LK
About L. B. D. J.
Department of Pathology, Faculty of Medicine
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N. K. Samarakoon,

University of Kelaniya, LK
About N. K.
Department of Pathology, Faculty of Medicine
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S. K. Liyanage,

University of Kelaniya, LK
About S. K.
Department of Pathology, Faculty of Medicine
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B. A. G. G. Mahendra ,

University of Kelaniya, LK
About B. A. G. G.
Department of Pathology, Faculty of Medicine
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R. M. U. S. Ratnayake,

University of Kelaniya, LK
About R. M. U. S.
Department of Pathology, Faculty of Medicine
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S. J. De S. Hewavisenthi

University of Kelaniya, LK
About S. J.
Department of Pathology, Faculty of Medicine
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Abstract

Pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD) is currently the main surgical option for malignancies in the ampullary region, which includes ampulla of Vater tumours (AVT), distal bile duct tumours (DBDT), periampullary duodenal tumours (DT) and tumours of the head of the pancreas (PT). Nodal status and many other important pathological features have a significant impact on tumour prognosis and therapy. The aim of this study was to determine the total number of lymph nodes (LNs) retrieved from PD specimens, whether grouping of LNs improves the total yield and to assess the level completeness of histopathology reporting of PD specimens. Forty two PD requests and histopathology reports  were assessed to determine the total number of LNs retrieved and whether the LN were grouped (G)or non-grouped (NG). The significance of difference in the number of LNs in the two groups were assessed using the Wilcoxon signed rank test. The tumours were subcategorized as AVT, DBDT, DT and PT and the reports were audited against the respective minimum data sets of the Royal College of Pathologists of United Kingdom to determine the overall completeness and the parameters poorly reported in the reports. The overall median LN yield was 14.5 and the median LN yield was 15 and 10 in G and NG respectively which was statistically significant. The completeness of the histopathology reporting was 63.6%- 77.3% in AVT (n-18), 73.9% - 95.6% in DBDT (n-5), 68.1% - 90.1% in DT (n-8), 70.8% - 83.3% in PT (n-11). The lengths of the bile duct, lesser and greater curvature of the stomach, tumour differentiation, involvement of resection margins and named blood vessels were poorly reported. In conclusion, the total LN retrieval improved by grouping according to the Union of International Cancer Control (UICC) protocol. Histopathology reporting of some of the data items requires improvement. Hence adoption of a pro forma for synoptic reporting and establishment of national guidelines on reporting and handling of specimens is recommended.
How to Cite: Siriwikum, L.B.D.J. et al., (2017). An audit of lymph node retrieval and histopathology reporting of pancreaticoduodenctomy specimens undertaken at a tertiary care referral center. Journal of Diagnostic Pathology. 12(1), pp.24–31. DOI: http://doi.org/10.4038/jdp.v12i1.7734
Published on 16 Nov 2017.
Peer Reviewed

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