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Research Article

Comparison of Mucin Patterns in Colonic Pathologies by Histochemistry

Authors:

R. M. U. S. Ratnayake,

University of Kelaniya, LK
About R. M. U. S.
Department of Pathology
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C. Epitakaduwa,

University of Kelaniya, LK
About C.
Department of Pathology
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D. N. U. Jayatunge,

University of Kelaniya, LK
About D. N. U.
Department of Pathology
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D. Ediriweera,

University of Kelaniya, LK
About D.
Centre for Health Informatics, Biostatistics and Epidemiology, Faculty of Medicine
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S. J. De S. Hewavisenthi

University of Kelaniya
About S. J. De S.
Department of Pathology
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Abstract

Introduction: High Iron Diamine Alcian blue (HID-AB) is a well-established technique for demonstrating colonic acid mucins namely sulphomucins (brown- black) and sialomucins (blue). In certain colonic pathologies expression of sulphomucin, the predominant mucin in normal colonic epithelium is altered.

 

Objective: To compare the changes in the pattern of mucin staining in, adenocarcinoma (AC), normal colonic epithelium, solitary rectal ulcer (SRU), transitional zone mucosa (TZ) (i.e.: normal non dysplastic mucosa adjacent to adenocarcinoma) and in ulcerative colitis (UC).

 

Method: AC-21, normal colonic epithelium-30, SRU-23, TZ-20, UC-29 biopsies were stained with the HID-AB stain. Two investigators assessed the percentages of mucin staining by counting the number of cells staining for sulphomucin and sialomucin in an area of colonic epithelium measuring 1mm in length. The differences in these 5 categories were assessed for statistical significance using the one-way ANOVA test and a Post Hoc Comparison of the mean values was carried out to establish which groups were different.

 

Results: ACs showed no sulphomucin or sialomucin staining while normal colonic epithelium showed nearly 100% sulphomucin staining.

 

The percentage mean value for sulphomucin staining was AC-12.47%, normal colonic epithelium - 96.7%, SRU-35.7%, TZ-48.98%, and UC –75.43%. Hence the differences between these categories reached a level of statistical significance except between TZ and SRU.

 

Conclusion: The patterns of mucin staining observed with HID/AB staining included relatively similar changes in mucin staining in the TZ and SRU, the loss acid mucin staining in AC and the relatively mild degree of sulphomucin loss in UC. Though there are significant differences in mucin staining between some of these colonic pathologies practical problems were encountered in using HID/AB as a diagnostic tool.
How to Cite: Ratnayake, R.M.U.S., Epitakaduwa, C., Jayatunge, D.N.U., Ediriweera, D. and Hewavisenthi, S.J.D.S., 2019. Comparison of Mucin Patterns in Colonic Pathologies by Histochemistry. Journal of Diagnostic Pathology, 14(2), pp.13–19. DOI: http://doi.org/10.4038/jdp.v14i2.7773
Published on 30 Dec 2019.
Peer Reviewed

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