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The pathology of bronchial and pleural biopsies of patients presenting to a tertiary chest clinic in Sri Lanka

Authors:

MMA Jayawickrama ,

General Hospital Kalutar, LK
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MDS Lokuhetty,

Faculty of Medicine, University of Colombo, LK
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AKCP Amarasinghe,

Cancer institute, Maharagama, LK
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MJ Fernando

General Hospital Kalutar, LK
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Abstract

Introduction: Respiratory diseases are the second leading cause of hospitalization and is a significant cause of morbidity and mortality in Sri Lanka.

Objective: To describe the pathology of bronchial and pleural biopsies in patients referred to a tertiary chest clinic in Sri Lanka.

Method: This retrospective study included 127 patients subjected to bronchial or pleural biopsy at the Chest Clinic Kalutara, from January 1998 to April 2000. Histology slides were reviewed at a conference microscope. The clinical details were obtained from the clinic files.

Results: There were 101 bronchial and 26 pleural biopsies. Twenty five (19.7 %) had neoplasms, all seen in bronchial biopsies. These comprised 11 squamous, 8 adeno, 5 poorly differentiated non-small cell and one adenoidcystic carcinoma. Of the non-neoplastic group 20 (15.7 %)had pneumonia and its complications. Eighteen (14.2 %) had biopsy confirmed tuberculosis, of these 14 were in pleural biopsies and 4 in bronchial biopsies. Other lesions included fibrosis with chronic inflammation 4 (3.1%), interstitial fibrosis 4 (3.1 Ufo)f,u ngal infections 3 (2.4%) and chronic inflammation 16 (12.6%). Twenty (15.7 %) had non-diagnostic biopsies and normal lung was seen in 17 (13.4%) cases.

Conclusion: Neoplasms were the most commonly encountered lesion in our study. However non-neoplastic conditions were also an important cause of morbidity in this group of patients.  

DOI: 10.4038/jdp.v3i1.2992

Journal of Diagnostic Pathology 2002-2003; 3-4: 22-24

How to Cite: Jayawickrama, M. et al., (2011). The pathology of bronchial and pleural biopsies of patients presenting to a tertiary chest clinic in Sri Lanka. Journal of Diagnostic Pathology. 3(1), pp.22–24. DOI: http://doi.org/10.4038/jdp.v3i1.2992
Published on 21 Apr 2011.
Peer Reviewed

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